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Welcome to Egypt

If Egypt attracts millions of visitors each year, it's surely because of its history and the many monuments that remain from the time of the Pharaohs (Giza, Luxor, Karnak, the Valley of the Kings and Queens), as well as the cruises which the Nile offers. But in addition, Egypt offers Arab culture with its souks and old neighborhoods (Cairo), the desert in all its splendor (Sinai, the oasis of the Libyan desert), remarkable works of engineering (the Aswan dam, the Suez canal), and of course the Red Sea with its beaches and opportunities for diving (Hurghada, Sharm and Sheik).

Geography

Area
11,001,440 square kilometers
An immense desert bisected by the Nile, whose valley and delta make up 5% of Egypt's territory

General Information

Status
Arab republic since June 1953

Government
Republic, Islamic state; semi-presidential system made up of a president, prime minister and people's assembly consisting of 437 members elected for three year terms by direct universal suffrage

Capital
Cairo

Currency
Egyptian pound

Languages spoken
Arabic

Principal industries
petroleum, natural gas, phosphate, tourism

Agriculture
cotton, corn, sugar cane, oranges

 
 
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