A former country of the Eastern European bloc, with an area of 110,993 square kilometers, it is made up of the Balkan chain to the west and north, and of a plain that stretches east to the Black Sea.
Spread over 27,000 hectares, and ranging in altitude from 1008 to 2914 m in the Pirin Massif, Pirin National Park in southwestern Bulgaria offers a karstic Balkan landscape with its lakes, waterfalls, grottos and pine forests. The rugged mountains are dotted with some 70 lakes.
Adjacent to the Danube, the Srebarna nature reserve is a fresh water lake that covers more than 600 ha, and shelters over 100 species of birds.
Republic; pluralist democracy that includes a President, Prime Minister and parliament made up of 240 elected members.
Bulgarian lev (plural: leva)
Bulgarian (uses the Cyrillic alphabet)
Mining (fairly unproductive); sugar, jam-making and steel are growing industries
cattle, wheat, corn, tobacco and wine grapes
Bulgaria is famous for its 1600 mineral springs, the temperature of which ranges from 37 to 101° C.
Continental Mediterranean climate with four seasons; average annual temperature 10.5° C
Time: GMT +2
Phone country code +359 (Bulgaria); 2 (Sofia)
Five international airports
January 1, March 3, May 1, Easter Sunday, May 24, September 6, September 22, Christmas
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